On less fortunate nights fog can chill an audience to the bone, rain can drench them in their seats, and the sounds of nature (hooting owls, a lonely cow) can prove to be an ongoing distraction from what's happening onstage. One night in July 1989, as the Santa Fe Opera was presenting the American premiere of Judith Weir's new piece, A Night at the Chinese Opera, I watched in amazement as a torrential downpour drowned out the music. Thankfully, I was sitting under the balcony's overhang.
Last weekend I celebrated my 64th birthday with outdoor performances of two musicals: one a 50-year-old audience favorite and the other a world premiere. Each was based on a great work of literature more than 150 years old. Yet one far outshone the other.
* * * * * * * * *Based on the 1838 novel Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens, Oliver! is a 1960 British musical with book, music, and lyrics by Lionel Bart. Although the show opened at the Imperial Theatre on January 6, 1963 during a newspaper strike, the advance buzz from its extended pre-Broadway tour helped to sell the show to theatre parties and families looking for a musical that could help introduce their children to live theatre.
I was in high school at the time and, while most of the theatrically-inclined students eagerly shared their excitement about the show, few mentioned the most innovative thing about Oliver! Sean Kenny had used a unit set built on a pair of concentric turntables that facilitated astonishingly quick scene changes.
The original productions of 1956's My Fair Lady (designed by Oliver Smith) and 1959's Fiorello! (designed by William and Jean Eckart) had used parallel turntables which filled the stage, allowing much more fluid set changes than usual. By contrast, 1964's Fiddler on the Roof (designed by Boris Aronson) used a set of inwardly tangential turntables whereby the smaller turntable was set within the larger turntable and positioned so that the two circles met at a point on the outer circle's circumference.
For moments like Oliver Twist's escape from Sowerberry's Funeral Parlor, the chase scene leading to the death of the villainous Bill Sikes, and the wistful "Who Will Buy?" production number, the dexterity with which Kenny's concentric turntables were employed made the audience feel as if they were traveling all over Victorian London. Much of the show's "choreography" actually consisted of people running up and down moving flights of stairs under Peter Coe's direction.
Oliver Twist (Samuel Berston) with the
Artful Dodger (Grant Lowenstein) Photo by: Kathy Kahn
Woodminster Summer Musicals opened its 2011 season with a revival of Oliver! whose scenes, due in large part to the great width of the Woodminster Amphitheatre's stage, played out very differently than in the original production. With conductor Richard Vetterli leading a fast-paced performance, the show's weaknesses became more obvious.
This is ironic, considering that the Dickens novel is pretty straightforward and Lionel Bart wrote a score of immense appeal (you can watch a clip of Georgia Brown, Davy Jones, Clive Revill, and Alice Playten performing "I'd Do Anything" on the Ed Sullivan Show by clicking here). Several of the show's songs ("Food, Glorious Food," "Consider Yourself," "As Long As He Needs Me") became popular hits on the radio.
Directed by Joel Schlader and choreographed by Carlos Lopez, Woodminster's production followed the course laid down by Lionel Bart which softens the character of Fagin to the point of nearly making him lovable. Although local stalwart Bill Fahrner gave the role everything he had, his efforts were clearly overwhelmed by the energy of Grant Lowenstein's Artful Dodger and Kelsey Venter's Nancy.
The Artful Dodger (Grant Lowenstein) with Nancy (Kelsey Venter)
Photo by: Kathy Kahn
Dan Kapler was an imposing, gravelly-voiced Bill Skies while Samuel Berston's immensely appealing Oliver Twist looked like a cross between a young Irving Berlin and Fievel the Mouse (the endearing hero of Steven Spielberg's 1991 hit, An American Tail: Fievel Goes West). Smaller roles were taken by Greg Carlson (Mr. Bumble), Arlene Thomas (Widow Corney), Andrew Moorhead (Noah Claypole) and Catherine Gloria (Bet).
What never fails to surprise me is how musicals like Annie, Carousel, and Oliver! are always hailed as great family entertainment when they contain scenes of great violence against women. Times may change, but as the great Anna Russell used to say: "The great thing about opera is that you can get away with absolutely anything -- as long as you sing it!"
|Bill Fahrner as Fagin (Photo by: Kathy Kahn)|
* * * * * * * * *For many years high schools, universities, and theatre companies have sought new ways to introduce students to the plays of William Shakespeare. The inherent folly of some educational outreach programs was beautifully captured in the Canadian television series entitled "Slings and Arrows" (which is available on DVD). The following animation clip demonstrates the levels of cultural illiteracy encountered by educators and arts administrators.
Written in approximately 1590, Two Gentlemen of Verona is considered to be Shakespeare's first play. A romantic dramedy involving mistaken identities, it was turned into a Broadway musical in 1971 by John Guare, Mel Shapiro, and Galt McDermot. It even won that season's Tony Award for Best Musical over Grease and Follies! My first encounter with Shakespeare's tale of young lovers was actually in A Spray of Plum Blossoms (a 1931 Chinese silent film inspired by Two Gentlemen From Verona).
Bette Midler frequently asks her audience if they know what you get when you cross an onion with a donkey. The answer is simple: Sometimes you get a smelly vegetable with a pair of large ears. But if you're lucky, you get a really sweet piece of ass that just makes you want to cry!
Saturday, July 9 was one of those lucky nights. A sophisticated, intelligent new variation on Shakespeare's play received a rousing world premiere at the California Shakespeare Theater in a brilliant production conceived, written, directed, and composed by Amanda Dehnert.
In Dehnert's adaptation, a group of actors form a rock band called The Verona Project. Working with a talented young cast (including several recent graduates from the American Conservatory Theatre's excellent Master of Fine Arts Program in Acting), Dehnert was able to capitalize on their youth, musical skills and, in some cases, prior experience performing in rock bands.
Performing The Verona Project under the stars at the
California Shakespeare Theater (Photo by: Kevin Berne)
With costumes by Melissa Torchia and a unit set designed by Daniel Ostling, the result was a delicious hybrid of performance styles in which anything and everything that had been thrown into the creative pot came out seeming new and surprisingly fresh. The most dramatic change was reconfiguring the character of Sylvia (the Duke's daughter) into Sylvio (the Duke's son) and Thurio (Sylvia's ridiculous suitor) into Thuria (a ditsy young woman who had been promised in marriage to Sylvio when they were children). In the following clip, Dehnert describes how she arrived at the crucial decision to change the genders of these characters.
The happy result is a show that plays like a concept album, seems like Shakespeare, has contemporary-sounding music, and is a solid piece of entertainment. Not only does The Verona Project keep audiences on the edge of their seats as they follow the adventures of Valentine (Nate Trinrud), Proteus (Dan Clegg), and Julia (Arwen Anderson) as they leave home and head for the big city, it continues to surprise people who don't expect to see Shakespearean actors performing on ukulele, French horn, saxophone, accordion, and a variety of instruments usually associated with rock bands.
Dan Clegg plays the ukulele as Proteus (Photo by: Kevin Berne)
The actors all take turns performing in the band, as romantic leads, or in supporting roles.
- As Proteus, the affable Dan Clegg perfectly captures the essence of a self-centered young men who wants it all but remains oblivious to the emotional pain he causes his friends.
- Nate Trinrud's Valentine makes a smooth transition from the poetic ardor of best [platonic] friend to the genuine emotions felt by a young man who has suddenly fallen head over heels in love with a man who loves him back.
- As Sylvio, Philip Mills handles a complex character (the Duke's son) who knows he is not in love with his fiancée, Thuriam and is quite in touch with his homosexuality.
- Singer/songwriter Arwen Anderson (who has appeared on numerous Bay area stages, performed in rock bands, and teaches aerial silk and trapeze at the Circus Center of San Francisco) makes a superb company debut as Julia, the young woman who is horrified to hear her boyfriend [Proteus] casually tell others that she is dead.
Proteus (Dan Clegg) and Julia (Arwen Anderson) in
The Verona Project (Photo by: Kevin Berne)
- Harold Pierce has some wonderful moments as Speed and Val's father.
- Whether appearing as Val's mother or the ditsy Thuria, Elena Wright consistently steals the show (in addition to performing on drums and percussion).
- Marisa Duchowny appears as Proteus's mother and the ghost of Sylvio's dead mother.
- As the Duke, Adam Yazbeck presents a complex and powerful male figure (the widower who never wants his son to feel the pain of lost love).
Arwen Anderson as Julia (Photo by: Kevin Berne)
The evening benefits immensely from the sound design by Joshua Horvath and David Lee Cuthbert's lighting. Most exciting, however, is the knowledge that there is a new (and easily accessible) work that can soon start attracting young audiences to Shakespeare. I don't doubt that The Verona Project will be produced by Shakespeare festivals around the world. It is also a perfect piece for university theatre departments.
Looking further into the future, I hope some day someone can produce a festival of American musicals which feature positive depictions of gay characters (I'm thinking of The Verona Project, Todd Almond's Girlfriend, and Ron Lytle's hilarious Oh My Godmother! for starters).
Performances of The Verona Project continue through July 31 at the Bruns Amphitheatre in Orinda (click here to order tickets). In the meantime, here's the trailer for Amanda Dehnert's thrilling adaptation of Shakespeare's Two Gentlemen of Verona.