- One of the first titles to be projected above the stage of the War Memorial Opera House during the San Francisco Opera's new production of Giuseppe Verdi's 1846 opera, Attila, contained the word "rape." However, in this production, the supposedly virginal Odabella (who was certainly a more formidable presence than Nellie Forbush's "a-HUN-dred-and-one pounds of fun") had to hold her breath for nearly 1,600 years before she could kill her oppressor with his own sword. It was a long night of waiting for family values to triumph overevil incarnate.
- Over at the American Conservatory Theatre, the Bay area premiere of The Scottsboro Boys used the format of an old-fashioned minstrel show to introduce local audiences to the tragic story of how nine young black men were falsely accused of raping two supposedly respectable (white) daughters of the South.
- The Berkeley Repertory Theatre is currently presenting the world premiere of Eve Ensler's poignant Emotional Creature before the show moves on to New York. Ensler's script includes a powerful monologue about a woman being repeatedly and mercilessly raped in Africa.
- Just up the street, the Aurora Theatre Company is mischieviously enticing and entrapping audiences into learning about a 94-year-old libel case in which a dancer's artistic interpretation of the Dance of the Seven Veils from Oscar Wilde's 1891 shocker, Salomé, led to accusations that she was a lesbian and a sadist who, in addition to being a German sympathizer during World War I, had tried to recruit young people into the nefarious "Cult of the Clitoris."
|Maud Allan performing the Dance of the Seven Veils|
What can I say? Reviewing live theatrical performances is a dark and dirty job, but someone's got to do it!
* * * * * * * * *Several unseen threads tie The Scottsboro Boys, Emotional Creature, and Salomania together.
- The historical events which inspired each work are sometimes too graphic, too horrifying, too ridiculous, or too unbelievable to be presented in their original form to a modern audience.
- Each play deals with critical issues about civil rights and social change.
- The creators of each show have a long history of using theatre to help audiences learn, explore, and better understand such complex issues as racism, human sexuality, individuality, and sexual orientation.
- Each show takes a traditional theatrical format (minstrel show, monologue, courtroom drama) and uses it to explore historical events in which the personal became intensely political and the political became all too personal.
|Jared Joseph (Mr. Bones), Hal Linden (The Interlocutor), and|
J.C. Montgomery (Mr. Tambo) in The Scottsboro Boys
(Photo by: Kevin Berne)
The following video clip contains an hour's worth of pure gold that is worth making time for. A.C.T.'s artistic director, Carey Perloff, moderates a discussion with composer John Kander, book writer David Thompson, and director/choreographer Susan Stroman which goes into great depth about how the creation of a show like The Scottsboro Boys requires extensive historical research, demands the kind of fearless artistic collaboration which produces great theatre, and utilizes a solid knowledge of theatrical tools, tricks, and traditions.
On opening night of The Scottsboro Boys, the stage literally sizzled with energy. With lyrics by the late Fred Ebb, the show is a shining example of how, throughout their career as a songwriting team, Kander & Ebb were able to create the kind of overt "showbiz numbers" that could communicate uncomfortable facts, frame painful emotions, and crystallize powerfully dramatic moments of history in a way that grabbed their audience by the throat.
|Jared Joseph as Mr. Bones in The Scottsboro Boys|
Photo by: Henry DiRocco
The talented cast of The Scottsboro Boys features:
- Hal Linden as The Interlocutor, a white judge, and the Governor of Alabama.
- Jared Joseph as Mr. Bones and a variety of white southern lawyers, judges, and attorney generals.
- Nile Bullock as Eugene Williams (the youngest and most innocent member of the Scottsboro Boys) and the young George Wallace.
- JC Montgomery as Mr. Tambo and New York attorney Samuel Leibowitz.
- Eric Jackson as Clarence Norris and a preacher.
- David Bazemore as Olen Montgomery,
- Clifton Duncan as Haywood Patterson, who refused to lie in order to gain his freedom.
|Clifton Duncan as Haywood Patterson in The Scottsboro Boys|
Photo by: Henry DiRocco
- Cornelius Bethea as Willie Roberson.
- Christopher James Culberson as Andy Wright and a victim of the electric chair.
- Clinton Roane as Roy Wright and a victim of the electric chair.
- James T. Lane as Ozie Powell and Ruby Bates.
- Clifton Oliver as Charles Weems and Victoria Oliver.
- C. Kelly Wright as The Lady who silently witnesses all the injustices against the Scottsboro Boys and, in the show's final scene, evolves into Rosa Parks.
|Hal Linden (The Interlocutor) with the cast of The Scottsboro Boys|
Photo by: Kevin Berne
Working with Beowulf Boritt's unit set (that involves little more than some planks, some tambourines, and a set of interlocking chairs), Susan Stroman has created a foot-stomping, tear-jerking spectacle that demands so much dance and vocal talent -- and such reserves of stamina and theatrical strength from her actors -- that there are times when the audience starts to simultaneously feel exhilarated and exhausted simply from watching the cast's phenomenal level of sustained physical exertion.
Special kudos go to Clifton Duncan ("Commencing in Chattanooga," "Nothin," "Make Friends With The Truth," "You Can't Do Me") and James T. Lane who, as Ruby Bates, gives a jaw-dropping performance of "Never Too Late." The Scottsboro Boys continues through July 22 at A.C.T. and should not be missed (order tickets here). Here's the trailer:
* * * * * * * * *Few people would deny Eve Ensler credit for the impact she has had on women's lives around the world. It's easy to understand why Newsweek named Ensler as one of its "150 Women Who Changed Our World."
- Since her play, The Vagina Monologues, received its off-Broadway premiere in 1996, it has has been translated into nearly 50 languages.
- Created by Ensler in 1998, V-Day has evolved into a global movement to end violence against women and girls.
- Ensler has been a driving force behind 2014's One Billion Rising event.
- Ensler has been an avid supporter of the City of Joy project.
- With help from Ensler, V-Girls has been created as an online social networking service on which young women can empower and inspire one another.
- On June 18, 2012, Ensler took part in a performance of The Vagina Monologues that took place on the steps of the Michigan State Legislature before an estimated crowd of 5,000.
Susan Medak (the Managing Director of Berkeley Repertory Theatre) states that:
"At Berkeley Rep we always hope that the work we produce will speak to the moment in which we live. It is always our goal that people should leave each show with a new insight, a fresh perspective, an impulse to take action. Eve Ensler's intention is to inspire you to get out of your seat and transform the world. Eve is drawn to the theatre for its capacity to touch people in profound and personal ways. In fact, there may not be another living playwright who has forged such a powerful link between theatre and social change or who makes a more essential link between watching and doing. Eve Ensler has the zeal of a missionary which, when combined with her intelligence and capacity for empathy, makes her a powerful agent of change. Eve is unabashedly on a mission to empower women, particularly young women, around the world. She is a force of nature. There is simply no other way to describe her. Her favorite message-delivery system has been and continues to be theatre."
|Olivia Oguma in Emotional Creature (Photo by: Kevin Berne)|
Directed by Jo Bonney and choreographed by Luam, Ensler's latest work is based on her book entitled I Am An Emotional Creature: The Secret Life of Girls Around The World. With sets and costumes by Myung Hee Cho and music (and music direction) by Charl-Johan Lingenfelder, Emotional Creature strings together a series of fierce monologues by women whose girlhood was crushed, whose innocence was stolen, and whose basic human rights were stripped from them -- often under unbelievably horrible circumstances.
|Joaquina Kalukango in Emotional Creature|
(Photo by: Kevin Berne)
Emotional Creature features an appealing ensemble of young women with poignant stories to tell.
- Sade Namei portrays a young girl whose family tricked her into undergoing a painful rhinoplasty so that she would be more marketable as a bride when, in truth, she had always liked her nose and thought it gave her character.
- Joaquina Kalukango describes the excruciating ordeal of a young African woman who was repeatedly raped until she finally managed to escape on a boat.
- Olivia Oguma easily wins over the audience as she describes the experience of a young Chinese factory worker who tries to channel her thoughts into the Barbie dolls she helps to assemble.
- Ashley Bryant, Molly Carden, and Emily S. Grosland also contribute poignant vignettes to the evening.
As much as Ensler's writing shapes the drama, the huge video contribution from Shawn Sagady (whose work is projected on a cyclorama behind the playing area) takes the audience into the inner minds and physical worlds of each character in Ensler's play with a poetry and lyricism that is often breathtaking. Following its Berkeley run, Emotional Creature will open at the Romulus Linney Courtyard Theatre in the Pershing Square Signature Center on November 12. I'm willing to bet Ensler's show will develop as devoted a following as all the young girls seeking stories of female empowerment who have purchased tickets to see Wicked.
|The ensemble from Emotional Creature (Photo by: Kevin Berne)|
* * * * * * * * *Meanwhile, back at The Cult of the Clitoris: In 2006, when Mark Jackson directed a production of Oscar Wilde's Salomé for Aurora Theatre Company, his research took him down a fascinating rabbit hole that had a surprising San Francisco tie-in.
He stumbled across the story of Maud Allan, a San Francisco native who took Europe by storm in the early 1900s with her version of the “Dance of the Seven Veils,” which she called “The Vision of Salomé.” After Maud's brother, Theodore Durrant, murdered two young women at the San Francisco Emanuel Baptist Church (which was located at the same Mission District intersection that once hosted the 21st Street Baths), her mother encouraged Maud to change her name and stay in Europe.
Jackson, who teaches at San Francisco State University and is a member of the Shotgun Players, was fascinated by what he read. In describing what inspired him to write Salomania, he notes:
"Important social issues raised during Maud Allan’s trial (such as media sensationalism, freedom of expression, gender equality, gay rights, and hysteria in the face of change) remain points of great struggle for us nearly a century on. Sensationalism is still a major escapist drug of choice in our society, with celebrity scandals perpetually stealing the headlines from far more important matters. Despite how far civil rights have come, those who remain different from the majority of the population still struggle not to be the scapegoat for the fears of that majority. This play is less about its characters than it is about the anxious, hysterical society that shapes them. The mystery as to how so many intelligent, prominent people could say and do so many stunningly outrageous things is indeed the question that grabbed a lasting hold of me when I first encountered this story. Not having an answer to that question has baffled and compelled me."In 2011, when Jackson and noted Bay area set designer Nina Ball worked on the world premiere of his play, God's Plot, for the Shotgun Players, they made brilliant use of a simple scenic trick that placed some of the action out onto a river raft moved by actors pushing poles against the stage floor. They've done something very similar in Salomania by creating a pull-out platform which two cast members can then move up and down the length of the playing space and rotate before the audience.
This theatrical trick is especially effective in scenes which depict a young soldier meeting a pretty girl in a pub or the captivating moment of magical realism in which the ghost of Oscar Wilde counsels Maud Allan following her trial in London.
|Mark Anderson Phillips and Kevin Clarke in a|
scene from Salomania (Photo by: David Allen)
As the belligerent Noel-Pemberton Billing (a bellicose Member of Parliament whose ignorance about the law was matched by his lack of knowledge about female sexuality), Mark Anderson Phillips did a splendid job of spraying spittle all over the courtroom while proving himself to be a world-class fool. Alex Moggridge shone as Maud's legal counsel, Sir Ellis William Hume-Williams and a lonely soldier home from the war. Liam Vincent cut a dashing figure as Lord Alfred Douglas (Oscar Wilde's former lover).
|Madeline H.D. Brown, Kevin Clarke, and Liam Vincent in|
Salomania (Photo by: David Allen)
Marilee Talkington appeared in several small roles (Margot Asquith, Isabella Durrant, Eileen Villiers-Stuart, and Sara the pub girl) while Anthony Nemirovsky drew plenty of laughter as the incompetent double agent, Harold Spencer. Although Madeline H.D. Brown gave a fascinating performance as Maud Allan, the cast member who continually held my attention was Kevin Clarke (who doubled as Judge Darling and the ghost of Oscar Wilde).
|Oscar Wilde (Kevin Clarke) and Maud Allan (Madeline H.D. Brown)|
in a scene from Salomania (Photo by: Kevin Brown)
As playwright and director, Mark Jackson has done a fine job of placing a highly sensationalized trial against the background of World War I. The fine performances (especially those by Kevin Clarke, Liam Vincent, and Mark Anderson Phillips) demand attention from serious Bay area theatregoers.
While this show should definitely be seen for its theatrical bite and historical relevance, it also offers audiences a solid demonstration of theatrical craft by the team of Jackson, set designer Nina Ball, and costume designer, Callie Floor. Salomania has been extended through July 29 (you can order tickets here).